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Copyright © 2018 Institute of Scrap Recycling Industries, Inc.

Guidelines for Paper Stock:



These standards and practices apply to paper stock for

re-pulping. Transactions may be modified by mutual agree-

ment between Buyer and Seller. Once Buyer and Seller

come to an agreement regarding the transaction there

will either be a purchase or sales agreement outlining the

transaction, terms and conditions which will be used for the

signed transactions. This agreement will serve as the “gov-

erning document” for the transaction.

“Good Faith” Relationship between Buyer-Seller

The following principles of “good faith” have been estab-


1. Seller must use due diligence to ascertain that

shipments consist of properly packed paper stock and

that shipments are made during the period specified.

2. Arbitrary deductions, cancellations and/or rejections

by the Buyer are counter to acceptable good trade


3. Seller shall provide the quality of paper stock agreed

upon but shall not be responsible for the use of the

paper stock or of the manufactured product.

I. The Purchase Agreement

Each transaction covering the purchase or sale of paper

stock shall be confirmed by either a purchase or sales agree-

ment which may include the following:

1. Quality

Where possible, purchases shall be specified in accor-

dance with the grade as defined in the latest paper stock

section of the ISRI Scrap Specification Circular. Any

deviation from the grade listed in the circular should be

otherwise specified and agreed upon by both parties in

the purchase or sales agreement.

2. Quantity

a. The Buyer and Seller shall establish minimum weights

for each load

b. The quantity for the purchase or sale of the paper

stock shall always be specified in terms of a definite

number of short tons of 2000 pounds each or metric

tons of 2204.6 pounds each. In addition, the number

of loads shall be specified.

c. Packing unit type, such as bales, skids, roles, pallets,

boxes, securely tied bundles or loose, should be

specified in the Agreement.

3. Pricing and Terms

Each transaction covering the purchase or sale of paper

stock shall be confirmed in writing stating the negotiat-

ed price and payment terms agreed to by both the buyer

and seller.

4. Shipping Period, Terms and Instructions

a. Period shall be understood to be within 30 days of the

date of the order unless otherwise specified and sub-

sequently agreed to by both buyer and seller.

b. Shipping terms shall be indicated by the use of the

International Chamber of Commerce’s Incoterms for

shipping that can be found in the addendum at the

end of the preamble.

c. The Shipping instructions for each load should clearly

specify shipping schedule routes, carrier and desti-

nation. Shipping instructions shall be provided by the

buyer at the time of the order. These instructions

should also be included on the bill of lading when

shipping for export. Information should include doc-

umentation, inspection requirements and pictures if


II. Fulfillment by the Seller

The practice of the Seller shall be in accordance with the fol-


1. Acceptance

All orders shall be confirmed.

2. Grading

Paper stock which is sold under the grade names

appearing in the paper stock section of the

ISRI Scrap

Specifications Circular

shall conform to those grading


3. Packing

Each unit must be sufficiently secured to ensure a satis-

factory delivery.

4. Tare

If agreed to by the Buyer, sides and headers may be

used to make a satisfactory delivery of the bales but

must not be excessive. The weight of skids, Gaylord

boxes and other similar materials shall be deducted from

the gross invoice weight.

5. Loading

Paper stock shall be loaded as follows:

a. Before they are loaded, railcars, trucks, trailers and

containers shall be free from objectionable materi-

als and odors, and shall have clean sound floors and


b. All loads should consist entirely of one grade of paper

stock unless otherwise agreed to. When two or more

grades are included in the same load, units of each

grade should be kept together in a separate part of

the railcar, truck, trailer or container.

c. Paper stock must be loaded in a manner that will

minimize shifting and breakage. Excessive breakage

due to improper loading can be cause for a claim or


d. Paper stock shall be loaded in accordance with the

customer’s preferred safe loading practices or

industry safety best practices such as outlines in the

ISRI/AF&PA Shipping Guide for Baled Paper Prod-

ucts as a reference.

Scrap Specifications Circular 2018


Guidelines for Paper Stock